Introduction to motherboard

Introduction to motherboard is an important subject when it comes to computers. Logic boards, bases, system boards, mainboards, main circuit boards, planar boards, and mobo are all terms used to refer to a motherboard. Unlike conductive plastic, this sheet has place holders and circuits that allow components to be connected and coordinate with each other. The plastic sheet of the board is laminated with fine narrow layers of aluminum or copper that act like a circuit to connect the various components. An integrated chassis is a box with all the components arranged in the right position and all connected and powered well.

Despite its comprehensive nature, the motherboard includes provisions for connecting any kind of component depending on the application. In contrast to backplanes, which are able to connect to multiple extension boards to hold more components, the motherboard meets all requirements and is a single board to manage all functions. Motherboards are called that due to their leadership role in managing all components connected to them.

Introduction to motherboard
Introduction to motherboard

Types of motherboards

Desktop, tablet, laptop, and smartphone motherboards all have the same elements and features. However, due to space constraints, the size of the elements and how they are arranged on the board vary. Most elements in desktops are equipped inside the connectors supplied on the board and can be replaced individually, whereas some elements in laptops/smartphones are fixed on the board, making replacement/upgrading difficult. Below are some different types of motherboards.


1. Desktop motherboards

These are designed to fit into desktop computer cases. They usually have a standard form factor and can support up to three hard drives. Some motherboards also include video cards.

The desktop motherboard has become an essential part of our daily lives. From laptops to desktops, even mobile devices, these boards are everywhere. They control almost every aspect of our life from communication, entertainment, and productivity.


2. Server motherboards

These are intended to be installed inside server racks. They are often larger than desktop motherboards and may contain many different types of connectors.

Servers are powerful computers designed to perform heavy computing tasks such as running applications or storing large amounts of data. They require specialized hardware to ensure they run reliably and efficiently. These systems usually feature high-end components and include advanced features like RAID (Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks) that speed up storage and performance. Servers play important roles in businesses ranging from eCommerce to financial services and healthcare. The number of companies using these powerful machines keeps growing every year.

Server motherboards offer some pretty compelling benefits, especially if you plan to build your very own server room at home. If you want to learn more about the basics of building your server, read our guide below.


3. Mini-ITX motherboards

This type of motherboard is very small and compact. It is commonly used in laptops.

Mini ITX boards have become very popular for their compact size and low power consumption. How should I choose my mini motherboard? Which features should I look out for? As far as the hardware goes, mini-ITX motherboards are smaller (in terms of both length and width) than mid-range or full-size ITX motherboards. And since they consume less energy, they don’t require a fan to cool them down. They also offer lower noise levels.


4. ATX motherboards

This type of motherboard is common in desktops and servers. It supports power supplies greater than 100 watts and is capable of supporting up to six hard drives. An ATX motherboard has six PCI expansion slots that allow you to plug in video cards, sound cards, network adapters, and other peripherals. Unlike older AT-style boards, these boards feature longer traces, better power regulation, and better cooling performance. The downside to ATX is that they require 4×8 pin connectors instead of 2×16 pins found on earlier AT-style designs.


5. MicroATX motherboards

This is an older style of motherboard. It is smaller than ATX motherboards but still large enough to support most systems.


6. ITX motherboards

This is a new style of motherboard that is smaller than microATX motherboards. It is suitable for use in laptop computers.


7. CompactPCI motherboards

CompactPCI motherboards were originally developed by Intel as part of the original Pentium Pro processor line. These motherboards are compatible with all Pentium processors except for the Celeron series.

The main difference between CompactPCI and standard PCIE motherboards is that CompactPCI motherboards do not support SLI technology. This means that you can only install one graphics card per board.



You will need to make sure that you buy a motherboard that meets your needs before buying any additional parts. For example, if you want to build a gaming rig, then you will need to consider what kind of CPU you want to use.